Sikh Timeline


1945 to 2000 (Present Date)


Mar 24: Master Tara Singh denounced the Acharhae Formula.

Oct 16: Saint Amir Singh of Gurbani Exposition School, passed away.


Mar 9: "Sikhs are a Nation" - An SGPC resolution was passed.

Mar 10: The SGPC passed a resolution for the formation of a Sikh state.

Apr 3: Master Tara Singh and Mohammad Ali Jinnah discussed the Sikh-Muslim

May 4: General Mohan Singh INA was liberated from the Delhi Jail.

May 16: British "Cabinet Mission" released their report.

June 9: The Punjab Board was established.

June 9: Sikhs rejected Cabinet Mission proposals.

July 6: Pundit Jawaharial Nehru assured "fruits of freedom" for Sikhs.

Oct 10: Ishar Singh Mahjaiol moved a resolution for the creation of a Sikh

Dec 9: Nehru introduces assurances for Sikhs in Constituent Assembly.


Mar 3: The Muslim League sought to form joint government with Sikhs in the

Mar 4: The Pakistan Holocaust began.

Mar 1: 87 GurSikh women of Boha Khalsa gave their lives through drowning by
jumping into water wells to save their honor rather than be subjected to
humiliations by the Muslims.

Apr 3: Patel announced the formation of Sikhstan after independence.

June 3: Mountbatten announced the division of the Punjab.

Aug 6: Sikhs met with the British government regarding Vatican status for
Nankana Sahib and other gurdwaras.

Aug 15: The Sikh Homeland was divided into East and West Punjab against the
wishes of the Sikh nation.

Aug 17: The Radcliffe Award decided the boundary between Pakistan and the
Sikh Homeland.

Aug 20: PEPSU was established through a combination of eight regions.


Apr 7: Akali Dal passed a resolution to keep its independent entity.

May 5: PEPSU was formed.

May 28: SGPC came under the control of Congress Sikhs.

July 14: Deputy Prime Minister of India, Patel, eliminated the Sikh rulers
and established PEPSU.

July 15: PEPSU was inaugurated.

Oct 10: The Newly formed independent Government of India delcared Sikhs "a
tribe of criminals."

Nov 15: Master Tora Singh warned that Hindus wanted to absorb the Sikhs into
their fold.

Nov 15: 32 of 33 Sikh legislatures submitted a charter of 13 Sikh demands to
the Constituent Assembly. The only non-signatory was Partap Singh Kairon.

Nov 26: The Sikhs rejected the new Constitution of India. The Sikh
representatives refused to sign it.


Feb 1: Jullundar Municipal Committee's Hindu members dicided to adopt Hindi,
instead of Punjabi, as the language of instruction in it's schools.

Feb 19: Master Tara Singh was arrested at Narela on sedition charges.

Feb 20: Sikhs held a conference against the Indian government's ban. All
participants were arrested and jailed.

Apr 4: The Conference of Sikh Intellectuals condemned the arrest of Master
Tara Singh.

Apr 14: Sardar Kapur Singh I.C.S. was suspended by the government of Gopi
Chand Bhargav.

Nov 18: The Government of India took over adminstration of PEPSU.


Jan 1: Akali Dal decided to hold a conference in Delhi, on Feb. 20, to
expose Sikh grievances.

Jan 26: Republic Day of India. In 1929, the Indian National Congress under
the leadership of Jawaharial Nehru had promised to seek total independence.
This meeting was held on the banks of the river Ravi in Lahore. Although
Sikhs participated fully and made numerous sacrifices for this independence
struggle, their own independence remains unfulfilled and is in question.

Feb 26: Akali Conference passed a resolution for a Punjabi speaking state.

July 3: The All India Sikh Student Federation organized Amrit Prachar in

July 20: Akali Dal Executives asked its legislatures to form a separate
group in the Assembly.

July 30: Akali Dal's working committee ordered the return of all members who
defected to the Congress.

Sept 1: Sikh Maha Samagham.


July 8: The Akali Dal passed a resolution for Punjabi Suba an independent

Sept 1: Gurmat Mahan Samagam at Pataiala was attended by 400,000 Sikhs. It
condemned the Indian onslaught on the identity and entity of the Sikh


Feb 23: Sikh religious functions at Amritsar were banned by the Indian

Mar 4: The Akali led government of PEPSU province was dismissed without any

Sept 2: Sardar Kapur Singh, a Sikh philosopher and and ICS officer, was
dismissed on flimsy grounds.

Sept 29: Akali Dal decide to launch an agitation to undo discrimination
against the Sikh backward classes.

Oct 24: Punjabi Suba Convention at Amritsar inaugurated by Dr. Lanka

Nov 21: Sampuran Singh Raman started a fast unto death for Punjabi Suba.

Nov 22: The Indian Government announced the formation of the State
Organization Commission. The commission had a strong anti-Sikh agenda.

Dec 27: The Sikhs refused Jawahar Lal Nehru permission to speak from a
religious shrine.


July 24: Baba Gurdit Singh, leader of Koma-Gata Maru passed away.


Feb 7: Master Tara Singh was elected SGPC President for a third term.

Mar 5: Punjabi Suba Conference was held at Patiala.

Apr 24: Akali Dal decided to launch a peaceful agitation for the Punjabi

July 4: Indian police entered Darbar Shaib complex and arrested several
Akali leaders.

July 12: The ban on raising the Punjabi Suba Slogan was finally lifted.

Oct 16: All Party Convention at Amritsar demanded Punjabi Suba.

Nov 10: Sri Bhim Saen Sachar, then Chief Minister, visited Sri Darbar Sahib
and sought forgiveness of Sikh Sangats for July 4, 1955 incident.

Nov 29: Sardar Pratap Singh's shadadat occurred in connection with Punjabi
Suba Morcha.


Feb 7: The Congress Party held its annual session in Amritsar.

Feb 11: Akali Dal's annual session was held at Amritsar. More than a million
GurSikhs attended.

Feb 22: Master Tara Singh and Nehru talked about Punjabi Suba.

Mar 16: A regional formula for the Punjab was agreed upon between Hukam
Singh and Nehru as a secret deal.

Mar 20: Hukam Singh was elected Deputy Speaker of the Indian Lower House.

June 8: Gian Singh Rarewala announced his intention to join Congress.

Oct 4: 12th All India Akali Conference held in Patiala.


June 10: Bhai Vir Singh passed away.

Nov 16: 11th Akali Conference was organized, under the leadership of Sardar
Sewa Singh Thikriwala, and was held in Bathinda.


Feb 2: Sikhs march in protest in Delhi against numerous acts of sacrilege of
their Gurdwaras.

Feb 8: Jan Sangh members (now the Bharti Janta Party) set fire to the
Gurdwara at Jallandar.

June 12: Jathaedar Pritam Singh Gojran demanded the formation of a sovereign
Sikh State.

Aug 27: Demands for the formation of Punjabi Suba were made at the Akali
Conference Baba Bakala.

Dec 31: The Gurdwara Amendment Bill was passed.


Mar 7: SGPC's general meeting accepted the announcemant of Sri Damdama Sahib
as Guru Khalsa Panth's fifth Takhat.

Mar 15: 300,000 GurSikhs joined in a march in Delhi to protest against
Indian government interference in the Sikh Shrines.


Jan 23: Sardar Tirath Singh accepted shahadat in Delhi.

Mar 15: The Akali Dal executive asked the Sikh members to resign from the
Congress Legislative party and form a separate group.

May 22: Punjabi Suba Convention was held at Amritsar.

May 24: Master Tara Singh and hundreds of Sikhs were arrested.

May 26: Morcha was initiated for seeking Punjabi Subha.

May 29: The first Jatha of GurSikhs courted arrest for Pujhabi Suba

June 12: The Sikh procession in connection with the Punjabi Suba agitation
was fired upon at Kelhi. Sardar Harbans Singh and three others accepted

Aug 15: Sikhs observe Indian Independence Day as " Ghulami (Slavery) Day.

Sept 21: Kaka Inderjeet Singh was killed by forcibly dropping him down a
well a Karnal in connection with the Punjabi Suba agitation.

Oct 1: Master Tara Singh broke his fast.

Oct 9: Sikh prisoners, fused to sign apology papers, were fired upon
in Bhathinda jail.


Jan 1: Number of GurSikhs courting arrest for Punjabi Suba agitation reached

Feb 8: Fateh Singh and Nehru held unsuccessful talks on Punjabi Suba.

Apr 16: Bahi Sahib Randhir Singh Ji passed away.


June 24: Punjabi University was established.


Oct 6: Baba Khadhak Singh passed away.


May 22: 11 Sikhs were gunned down at Paonta Sahib, Himachal Pradesh, by the
Mahant's henchmen.

June 14: Quisling Partap Singh Kairon resigned as Punjab Chief Minister.


Mar 28: SGPC general meeting resolved to establish Punjabi Suba.

July 4: Nalwa Conference held in Ludhiana asserted the Sikh right to

Aug 7: Fateh Singh met with Indian Prime Minister Sri Lal Bahadhur Shashtri.

Sept 3: Fateh Singh declared that Punjabi Suba was more dear to him than

Sept 9: The Indian Air Force, under the command of Chief Marshal Arjan
Singh, successfully bombed Pakistani strongholds.


Feb 1: Sri Guru Gobind Singh's "Shasters" were brought back from England.

Feb 26: The All India Akali Conference was held.

Feb 27: Master Akali Dal demanded formation of a Sikh Homeland.

Mar 7: The formation of the Punjabi Suba was declared.

Mar 9: The Congress conceded the Punjabi Suba.

May 10: "Punjabi Suba Zindbad" Morcha was launched.

Sept 6: Sardar Kapur Singh gave his famous address on the "betrayal of the
Sikh faith," to the Indian Parliament.

Nov 1: Punjab Suba came into existence.

Nov 18: SGPC established Gurudwara Damdama Sahib as Guru Khalsa's fifth


Mar 8: Akalis formed their first government in the Punjab.

Apr 13: Punjabi became the official langurage of the Punjab at the
secretariat level.

Nov 21: Master Tara Singh passed away.

Dec 19: Punjabi Bill was passed by the Punjab Assembly.


Sept 28: Shiromani Akali Dal organized an All India Akali conference in

Oct 8: Master and Sant Akali Dal merged. Sikh sovereignty was accepted as
the manifesto of the new joint Akali Dal.


Mar 13: Lachman Singh Gill was arrested as an act of revenge by the Gurnam
Sing government.

Apr 26: Lachhman Singh Gill died.

Oct 27: Sardar Darshan Singh Pheruman died, after fasting for 74 days.


Mar 5: Elections were held to the Indian Lower House. Akalis won 1 of the 13
Punjab seats.

Dec 16: Pakistani soldiers surrendered to General Jagjit Singh Arora.


Mar 12: Elections were held to the Punjab Assembly. Akalis won only 24 of
104 seats. This marked the end of Fateh Singh's leadership.

Mar17: Gurcharan Singh Tohra asked Fateh Singh to retire form active

Mar 25: Mohan Singh Tur became President of the Akali Party.

June 20: 20 GurSikhs were killed in Gurdwara Sadabarat.

Oct 27: Barsi Sant Fateh Singh Ji.

Nov 30: Akal Chalana of Sant Chanan Singh, President SGPC.


Mar31: The last regular Kar Sewa of Amritsar sarowar was performed.

June 1: Akali Dal launched the Karnal agitation for civil liberties.

July 5: Akali Dal initiated the Karnal Morcha.

Oct 13: Sirdar Kapur Singh received the honor, "National Professor of
Sikhism" from the Akal Takhat.

Oct 16: Akali Dal Executive passed the Anandpur Sahib resolution asking for
autonomy for the Sikh Nation.


Jan 14: Mahant Tirath Singh SewaPanthi's place was assumed by Bhai Jagata,
Goinyana Mandi.

June 10: Giani Kartar Singh, an Akali leader died at Patiala.


June 25: Indira Gankhi imposed Internal Emergency on the whole of India.

July 9: 1975: The Akali Dal protested against the emergency imposed by
Indira Gandhi.


Jan 17: The Akali Dal morcha launched against Indira Gandhi's emergency of
1975, was successfully concluded.

June 20: Parkash Singh Badal became the Chief Minister of the Punjab.

Aug 16: Kartar Singh Khalsa Bhindrawalae passed away.

Aug 25: Sant Jarnail Singh Bhindrawalae assumed responsibility of Damdami

Aug 28: The General House of the Akali Dal approved the famous 1973 Anandpur
Sahib Resolution.

Oct 29: Sahib Singh passed away.


Jan 2: Four Nihang Singhs were killed at Pundri, Haryana.

Apr 13: Amritsar Massacre.

Apr 22: Sri Akhand Path Sahib's Bhog in remembrance of those killed in
Amritsar Massacre was held.

June 10: Nirankari Gurbachan Singh was declared an apostate by the Akal

July 2: The All India Sikh Students Federation was reorganized. Bhai Amrik
Singh was elected the President.

Aug 6: The Dal Khalsa was created.

Aug 23: Sant Baba Nischal Singh Ji passed away.

Sept 26: 8 Sikhs were massacred by Nirankaris at Knapur. This event took
place after the killing of GurSikhs at Amritsar.

Oct 28: 18th All India Akali Dal Conference was held in Ludhiana.

Nov 5: The Delhi police fired at a Sikh protest procession and killed five
Sikhs including the President of the Akali Party's Delhi unit, Jathaedar
Awtar Singh Koli. Others killed were Sardar Mohinder Singh and Sardar Gobind


Mar 31: Elections to the SGPC were held. The Badal government used
government machinery to defeat Amrik Singh, President of the Sikhs Students

Oct 28: Gurudwara at Merrut was sealed.

Nov 24: All India Sikh Student Federation announced the "Maerath Morcha."

Dec 9: Khalsa Dal demanded that Amritsar be delared a "Holy City."


Jan 4: Gurbachan Singh (Nirankari) and 64 associates accused in the case of
the murder of 13 Sikhs on April 13, 1978 were acquited. This was an
important event in that it established the fact that Sikhs could not receive
justice in the Punjab.

Apr 15: The Sikh Bank was nationalized by Indira Gandhi.

Apr 24: Gurbachan Singh, Chief of the fake Nirankaris, was murdered.

Aug 1: The Khalistan Flag was hoisted for the first time at the very spot
where 13 GurSikhs fell while defending the Guru Khalsa Panth against the
Nirankaris, on April 13, 1978.

Aug 15: The Dal Khalsa hoisted the Khalistan flag throughout the Sikh

Aug 20: Harchand Singh Longowal was elected President of the Akali Dal.

Sept 24: Gurcharan Singh Tohra demanded "Holy City" status for Amritsar.


Mar 13: The 54th annual session of The Likh Educational Conference was held.

Mar 15: Sikhs sought Associate Membership of UNO.

Mar 19: The Dal Khalsa took out a procession at Anandpur Sahib, in support
of Khalistan.

Mar 25: "Sikhs are a nation" resolution was unanimously passed by the Sikh

Mar 29: The SGPC adopted the motion "Sikhs are a Nation."

Apr 21: Jathedar, Sri Akal Takhat ratified the resolution "Sikhs are a

May 11: Akali party passed resolution "Sikhs are a Nation".

May 31: Sikhs demonstrated to seek "Holy City" status for Amritsar.

June 8: A secret meeting of the Akali Dal was held where strong opinions
were expressed for Khalistan.

July 26: The World Sikh Convention at Amritsar resolved to initiate Dharam
Yudh Morcha to seek Sikh's righteous demands.

Aug: The Federation of Sikh Societies of Canada was formed.

Sept 7: 4 GurSikhs were killed by Haryana Police.

Sept 9: Lala Jagat Narayan was murdered and Sikhs were attacked.

Sept 10: Indian police burned the Holy Scripture of the Guru Granth Sahib.

Sept 16: Khalsa College Amritsar protested against harassment of

Sept 16: Sant Jarnail Singh Khalsa Bhaindrawale announced that he would
offer himself for arrest.

Sept 19: The Sikh Heritage Conference was held in Toronto.

Sept 20: Sant Jarnail Singh Khalsa Bhindrawalae presented himself for arrest
at Mehta Chowk.

Sept 22: Indira Gandhi visited Chandigarh and received a message to either
release Bhindrawala or face tempest.

Sept 28: Akali Dal executive met at Aalamgir and decided to launch civil
disobedience from Nav. 18, 1981 for the release of Jarnail Singh

Sept 29: 5 members of Dal Khalsa under the leadership of Bhai Gajinder Singh
hijacked an Indian Airliner to Lahore.

Sept 30: Restriction imposed on Kirpan during Indian Airline flights.

Oct 14: Giani Zail Singh declares the innocence of Bhindrawale.

Oct 15: Sant Bhindranwala was released unconditionally.

Oct 22: Akali leaders met Narsimha Rao, representing the Prime Minister.


Jan 12: Harsimran Singh, Chief Organizer of the Dal Khalsa, was arrested. He
was tortured by the Indian police and forced to read out a written statement
if he wanted to save his life.

Feb 28: Sikh villagers fled to Pakistan to escape the fury of brutal Indian
policemen of Gharinda police station of the Punjab.

Apr 5: Negotiations on Sikh demands broke down.

Apr 8: Akali Agitation was initiated for the Waters Issue: Satluj-Yamuna

May 1: The Government of India banned the Dal Khalsa and the National
Council of Khalistan.

June 11: Kulwant Singh Nagoke was killed in a fake encounter.

June 11: 15 Beedhs of Sri Guru Granth Sahib were burned at the village of

July 18: Bahi Amrik Sing and Baba Thara Singh were arrested.

July 19: Amarjeet Singh Daheru and Baljeet Singh were killed by Indian

July 23: Baljeet Singh was killed in a fake encounter.

July 25: The Akali Dal adopted Bhindrawala's agitation.

Aug: 4 The Akali Dal initiated the Dharam Yudh Morcha.

Oct 11: Four Sikhs were killed by Police fire while demonstrating for Sikh
rights in Delhi.

Oct 12: Four Sikhs were killed by police firing near Indian Parliament
House. They were participating in a procession carring the ashes of the
Sikhs(34) that were killed on September 11.

Oct 18: All Sikhs arrested for Dharam Yudh morcha were released for lack of
jail space.

Oct 18: Amritsar taken over by communal Border Security Force.

Nov 16: Bhola Singh and Kashmir Singh were killed in fake encounters.

Nov 28: All India Sikh Student Federation members were arrested during the
Asian Games for raising slogans expressing Sikh demands.

Dec 5: GurSikhs killed in fake encounters reached 79.

Dec 23: Ex-servicemen and Intellectuals demanded that "Sikhs are a Nation."


Jan 9: Akali Dal organized a convention for GurSikh intellectuals in
connection with the "Dharam Yudh" Morcha.

Feb 28: Two young Sikhs, Bhajan Singh and Harpal Singh, were killed by the
Indian police in fake encounters.

Mar 12: The Akali Dal decided to block traffic for a day in protest of
Harsimran Singh's unfair termination from Punjabi University.

Mar 16: Sikh pilgrams were bombed by Indian Police.

Apr 4: 26 more Sikhs were killed by Indian police at Malerkotla, where Sikhs
were peacefully sitting on the trafficless road and reciting Shabads. This
was part of the Rasta Roke Agitation.

June 17: Railroad stoppage morcha was initiated.

July 2: The Indian CRPF force attacked a camp of the fundamentalist Sikh
group, the Nihangs, at Baba Bakala and shot several Sikhs, killing two and
wounding eight others.

Aug 6: Amrik Singh and Baba Thara Singh were released.

Aug 29: The "Work Stoppage" movement was launched by Shiromani Akali Dal.

Sept 11: 34 Sikhs of the Dharam Yudh Morcha were crushed under a train.

Oct 14: Four Sikhs were martyred in fake police encounters at Khadur Sahib.

Nov 8: Sikhs were attacked in Yamuna Nagar.

Nov 26: Gurudwara Churu in Rajasthan was burnt.

Nov 29: The Constitution of Khalistan was released by Dr. Harjinder Singh
Dilger in London


Feb 17: Central Reserve Police Force of India fired upon Sri Darbar Sahib
and killed three visiting devotees.

Mar 19: The All India Sikh Student Federation was banned by the Indian

Apr 2: Harbans Lal Khanna was murdered.

Apr 4: Sikhs were attacked by Central Reserve Police during Harbans Lal
Khan's funeral procession and left 8 Sikhs dead.

Apr 14: Surinder Singh Sodhi, the right-hand man of Sant Jarnail Singh
Bhindranwala was killed.

Apr 23: 8 Sikhs were killed by India's Central Reserve Police Force.

Apr 26: 15 GurSikhs were killed by Border Security Forces of India at
Gurdwara Bibi Kahan Kaur, Moga.

May 13: Akali Dal announced its program to boycott existing relation.

May 26: The last meeting was held between Akalis and Indira Gandhi.

June 1: Indian forces initiated their first day of assault on the Golden
Temple complex.

June 3: GurSikhs courting arrest under Dharam Ud Morcha numbered over

June 3: Sri Darbar Sahib was invaded by Indian Armed Forces. The Indian
Government imposed 36 hrs. of curfew beginning at 9pm and handed over the
Punjab to its Armed Forces.

June 4: Sri Darbar Sahib, Amritsar along with more than 120 other shrines
were under continous attack by the Indian Armed Forces.

June 5: A fierce battle in the Golden Temple Complex continued as the Sri
Akal Takhat was attacked with heavy artillery and tanks.

June 6: Indian Army's final assault on Sri Darbar Sahib and the Akal Takhat
was begun. Additionally, 37 other Gurdwaras were attacked.

June 7: The Sikh Reference Library was destroyed.

June 7: GurSikhs from rural Punjab marched to defend Sri Darbar Sahib
despite the heavy presence of armed forces.

June 7: The Sikh soldier rebellion began. Several Sikh soldiers were killed
and thousands were arrested.

June 8: Operation Woodrase was started. Sikh youth from villages were picked
up and eliminated. This led to deaths of hundreds of Sikhs and the arrest of
thousands of Sikhs.

June 8: Giani Zail Singh, President of India, visited Darbar Sahib after the
Indian Army's assault there.

June 8: Sardar Khushwant Singh returned his "Padam Sri" in protest of the
Indian Army's attack on Darbar Sahib.

June 11: Dal Khalsa announced its "Government in Exile."

June 11: Dawinder Singh Garcha, a Congress member for Ludhiana, resigned his
position in protest of the attack on Sri Darbar Sahib.

June 12: Sikh soldier riots continued.

June 12: Firing could be clearly heard in the broadcast of Hukam from Sri
Darbar Sahib.

June 13: Dr. Jagjit Singh Chauhan announced a government in exile.

June 14: Historian Ganda Singh returned his "Padam Shri" in protest for the
attack on Sri Darbar Sahib.

June 14: Badal and Barnala were moved from Chandigarh jail to Panchmadhiin
Madya Pradesh.

June 15: Akali Dal Youth Wing Presedent, Prof. Prem Singh ChandMajra, was
arrested under the National Security Act.

June 15: Buya Singh replaced Chaudhary Subai Singh As SSP of Amritsar.

June 15: Ram Jaeth Malani, an eminent lawyer, resigned his position in the
Janta Party to challenge the arrest of Sikh leaders in India's Supreme

June 16: Sakhu Singh Hamdard, editor of the daily newspaper "Ajit", returned
his "Padam Shri' in protest of the attack on Sri Darbar Sahib.

June 16: Villagers were fined for breaking the river banks of the main
Ghakada river near Roper in protest of the attack of Sri Darbar Sahib.

June 17: Sikhs observed "Prayer Day" to protest the attack on Sri Darbar

June 19: General Vadiya visited Sri Darbar Sahib after Operation Bluestar.

June 20: Sardar Harinder Singh Khalsa resigned his position at the Indian
Embassy in Norway in protest of the attack on Sri Darbar Sahib. He then
sought assylum for himself and his family.

June 21: Panj Payaras successfully pressured the Indian Government to open
all Gurdwaras (except Sri Harimandir Sahib) for public visits.

June 22: Panj Payaras excummunicated Baba Sant Singh Ji, the main leader of
Badha Dal, for co-operating with the government in its forced "kar sewa"
under curfew.

June 23: Indira Gandhi visited Sri Darbar Sahib after Operation Bluestar.

June 26: Baba Nihal Singh Hariawalae was arrested.

June 26: Panj Payaras demanded from the President, Prime Minister and the
Governor of Punjab to give control of "kar sewa" to the SGPC.

June 28: Ujagar Singh and Atma Singh, acting Presidents of the Akali Dal and
SGPC, were arrested to sabotage the Akali Dal meeting announced for June 29,

June 29: The Akali Dal met the first since Operation Bluestar.

June 29: K.P.S. Gill became the new Director General of Police in the

June 30: The Indian Government presented its inquiry finding into the
Operation Bluestar in the form of a White Paper.

July 11: The so-called "White Paper" on the Sikh situation was released by
the GOI.

July 16: 1st Shaheedi Jatha, under the leadership of Dr. Rajinder Kaur,
marched for the liberation of Sri Harmandir Sahib. This jatha was arrested
on the outskirts of Sri Harmandir Sahib.

July 22: Bhai Santa Singh, Jathaedar Budha Dal, was expelled from the Khalsa

July 27: The World Sikh Organization was formed.

July 29: Sardar Sadhu Singh, Editor of Punjab's voice, "Ajit", passed away.

Aug 11: The GOI conducted a false "Sarbat Khalsa". In responseSingh Shaiban
called for a "World Conference" on September 2 1996.

Sept 2: Sarbat Khalsa convened when Giani Zail Singh and Buta Singh were
excommunicated from Guru Khalsa Panth for their part in the Bluestar

Sept 25: Control of Harmandir Sahib returned to SGPC after Bluestar
Oct 31: Sardar Beant Singh gunned down Indira Gandhi. Sardar Satwant Singh
and Sardar Kehar Singh were co-accused. Sardar Beant Singh was gunned down
on the spot while the others were hanged to death on Jan 6, 1989.

Oct 31: Black November began.

Nov 27: Sardar Simaranjeet Singh Mann was arrested along with his associates
near Joghbani border, on his way to Nepal.


Mar 23: The Sikh Women's Seminar was held in Toronto.

May 1: Baba Joginder Singh formed a 9 member committee to run a united Akali
Dal with Simranjit Singh Mann as its Chairman.

May 25: Sikh Symposium was held in Toronto.

May27: Longowal Dal revived after 26 days. All of this was done in league
with the Delhi-regime.

June10: Harjinder Singh and Sukhdev Singh Sukha killed General Vaidya, who
had led the invasion of Sri Darbar Sahib on June 4, 1984.

July 10: The Indian Government honored its forces for attacking Sri Darbar

July 16: Longowal wrote a letter to Rajaiv Gandhi to find a "solution" to
the Punjab problem.

July 24: An agreement was reached between Harchand Singh Longowal and Rajiv
Gandhi, known as the Rajiv-Longowal Accord.

Aug 20: Harchand Singh Longowal was assasinated.

Sept 1: North American Sikh Convention was held at Edmonton, Canada.

Sept 25: Elections of Punjab Assembly were held. A Surjit Barnala-Congress
conspiracy made Surjit Singh Barnala the Chief Minister. He was sworn on
Sep. 29, 1985.


Jan 22: The Additional Session Judge announced judgment in the case of
Indira Gandhi's murder. Bhai Santwant Singh and Bhai Kehar Singh were to be
hanged to death. The sentence was carried out on Jan. 6, 1989.

Feb 16: The foundation stone was laid for the re-construction of the Akal
Takhat after Operation Bluestar.

Aug 22: Sobha Singh, the renowned painter, passed away.

Aug 13: Sardar Kapur Singh, National professor of GurSikhism, passed away.

Oct 2: Sirdar Karmjit Singh Sunam attacked Rajiv Gandhi at Raj Ghat in
presence of the full diplomatic corps.


Feb 13: The Academic Conference on Sikh Scholarship was held.

Oct 7: The Sikh Nation declared independence from India.


May 9: The Indian Gorvenment killed numerous innocent GurSikhs at Sri Darbar

Aug 12: A symposium "Sikh Canadians: The Promise of the Challenge" was held.

Nov 3: The case of General Vaidya's murder was heard in Puna Jail

Dec 10: The Conference on Sikh Studies was held in Long Beach.


Jan 6: Sardar Satwant Singh and Kehar Singh were hanged to death. They were
co-accused with Sardar Beant Singh for gunning down Indira Gandhi on Oct.
31, 1984.

June 30: Babbar Khalsa International Conference was held in Montreal.

Sept 22: Singh Sahib, Prof. Manjit Singh assumed the responsibilities of
Jathaedar Kesgadh Sahib.

Oct 21: Puna court imposed the death sentence (by hanging) upon Bhai
Jarjinder Singh and Bhai Sukdev Singh for killing General Vadiya.


Nov 24: The International Conference on Sikh Studies met in Toronto.

Dec2: The International Conference on Sikh Studies was held in Vancouver.

Dec 8: The international Conference on Sikh Studies was held in Washinton

Dec 15: The international Conference on Sikh Studies was held in New York.


Feb 9: Sikhs boycotted elections under the Indian Constitution.


Aug 5: Bhagat Puran Singh passed away.

Aug 9: Bhai Sukdev Singh Sukkha and Bhai Harjinder Singh Jinda were hanged
to death for the assination of General Vadiya, who was responsible for the
desecration of the Harmandir Sahib in 1984.

Oct 9: Bhai Sukhdev Singh and Bhai Harjinder Singh were hanged to death. On
Aug. 10, 1985, they gunned down General Vadiya after his retirement from the
Indian Army.


Mar 27: Bhai Ranjit Singh, Jathaedar of Sri Akal Takhat was sentenced to
life imprisonment.


June 19: The foundation stone was laid for Nanakana Sahib Foundation.


July 31: Amar Singh Ambalvi, the first Vice-President of AISFF, passed away.

Aug 31: Beant Singh, then Chief Minister of the Punjab, was assasinated.

Sept 9: Paramjit Kaur, wife of Jaswant Singh Khalra, filed a writ petition
in the Supreme Court.

Oct 28: Jaswant Singh was believed to have been shot dead in the Chhabal
Police station.

Nov 15: The Supreme Court orders an inquiry by the CBI into the
disappearance of Jaswant Singh Khalra and the cremation of the unidentified
bodies by the Punjab Police.


Sept 7: The CBI submited a preliminary report on the cremation of the
unidentified bodies, identifying 885 of them.

Oct 12: Sri Singh Sahib Ranjit Singh, Jathedar Sri Akal Takhat, was released
on bail after 13 years of imprisonment. He had been accused of killing the
Nirankari Chief in Delhi in 1980.

Dec 31: Jathedar Ranjit Singh was inaugurated Jathedar of Sri Akal Takhat
with the blessing of the entire Guru Khalsa Panth. He still remains the true
Jathedar, while the others are Sarkari Jathedars.


July 20: Bhai Ranjit Singh, Jathedar, Akal Takht, issued a "hukamnama" that
"Guru ka langar" would be taken while sitting on the floor.

July 21: The controversy over the implementation of "hukamnama" pronounced
by the Sikh clergy on July 20 to partake "Guru ka langar" while sitting on
the floor, today took a fresh turn when Bhai Ranjit Singh, Jathedar, Akal
Takht, alleged that certain SAD and SGPC leaders, including Mr Sukhdev Singh
Bhaur, senior vice president, SGPC, and Mr Sucha Singh Langhah, a state
minister, were responsible for provoking the Canadian Sikhs to defy the
"hukamnama" for their 'vested interests'.

July 28: A cold war is reportedly on between Bhai Ranjit Singh, Akal Takht
chief, and Prof Manjit Singh, Jathedar, Takht Sri Keshgarh Sahib, Anandpur
Sahib, over the "hukamnama" on "Guru ka langar". Meanwhile, Canada-based
Gurmat Parcharak Society has alleged that several ministers of the Shiromani
Akali Dal and "parcharaks" of the SGPC during their visit in Canada have
been propagating against the "hukamnama."

July 30: The district police claimed to have arrested two Babbar Khalsa
activists along with arms, ammunition and detonators. These Babbar Khalsa
activists were allegedly assigned the job of reactivating the bailed out
terrorists to strengthen the Babbar Khalsa International organisation in the

Aug 4: The World Sikh Council (WSC) president, Justice Kuldip Singh (retd),
today announced the constitution of a "think tank" - close to 100 members -
to oversee the future course regarding the "wellbeing" of Sikh religion,
culture, heritage and upholding of the high ideals of Sikhism.

Aug 6: Once an outlawed outfit, Dal Khalsa International, has made a volte
face and decided to achieve its targets through peaceful means. This is a
major shift in its stand.

Aug 12: Keeping pace with the time, the Shiromani Gurdwara Prabandhak
Committee has come on the internet. The "SGPC website" is effective from

Aug 24: In the wake of the controversy over the submission of the accounts
of the World Sikh Council, Bhai Manjit Singh, Jathedar, Takht Sri Kesgarh
Sahib, along with Bhai Kewal Singh, Jathedar, Takht Sri Damdama Sahib, has
decided not to attend any more meetings of the Sikh clergy until his name is
cleared of all allegations regarding the accounts of the council and the
maryada of the five Takht is restored and respected.

Aug 25: Differences among three jathedars have reached a point of no return
as the Akal Takht Chief, Bhai Ranjit Singh, has categorically announced that
he will not allow Prof Manjit Singh, Jathedar, Takht Sri Keshgarh Sahib and
Giani Kewal Singh, Jathedar, Takht Sri Damdama Sahib, to participate in the
meetings of Sikh clergy till Prof Manjit Singh submits details of accounts
of the World Sikh Council.

Aug 28: All three warring jathedars are unanimous in the view that the SGPC
should intervene to sort out differences among them on important Sikh

Aug 28: The Sikh Forum, Guru Nanak Dev University, today sought the
resignation of the three warring jathedars to keep the dignity of the

Sept 4: Punjab Chief Minister Parkash Singh Badal today formally launched
the tercentenary celebrations of the birth of the Khalsa from the historic
Sri Paonta Sahib gurdwara amidst slogans of "Bole so nihal, Sat Sri Akal"
and recital of Gurbani by eminent ragis.

Oct 23: Amidst a walkout by members of the Akali Dal (Amritsar) Mr Gurcharan
Singh Tohra was re-elected President of the SGPC for the 25th time.

Nov 17: Bhai Ranjit Singh, Akal Takht chief, and the Sant Samaj decided to
hold tercentenary celebrations of the Khalsa Panth on their own.

Nov 18: A show of religious exuberance in the foothills of the Shivalik
hills marked the laying of the foundation stone of the Khalsa Heritage
Memorial Complex, to commemorate the tercentenary celebrations of the birth
of the Khalsa.

Dec 15: The ongoing crisis in the Shiromani Akali Dal took a new turn today
when Mr Gurcharan Singh Tohra offered to resign as SGPC chief for the sake
of the Panth if asked by Mr Parkash Singh Badal, president of the SAD.



Jan 1: Akal Takht has intervened in the stand-off between the SAD and the
SGPC Presidents by issuing a "hukamnama" - a religious edict - directing
that status quo should be maintained till April 15 next.

Jan 25: Giving an edge to the ongoing tussle among Akali leaders, Akal Takht
Jathedar Bhai Ranjit Singh today summoned Prof Manjit Singh, Jathedar Sri
Kesgarh Sahib (Anandpur Sahib) Barjindar Singh, Managing Editor of Daily
Ajit and Major Singh, Senior Staff Correspondent of Daily Ajit at Akal Takht
on February 11.

Feb 2: Representatives of some Sikh institutions, Sikh student federations,
human rights organisations, Nihang sects and Sant Samaj in a unanimous
resolution today warned the "anti-Akal Takht" forces that any move to remove
Bhai Ranjit Singh as Jathedar would be "dangerous".

Feb 6: The police were deployed at all entry and exit points around the
Golden Temple complex to ensure peaceful holding of meeting of the SGPC
executive on February 10 apparently to remove the Akal Takht Jathedar.

Feb 10: The Jathedar of Akal Takht, Bhai Ranjit Singh, was placed under
suspension by the pro-Badal SGPC executive which met in the verandah of Guru
Nanak Niwas since the offices of the SGPC remained closed for the third
consecutive day today.

Mar 3: The three-day annual Hola Mohalla festival concluded at the Takht Sri
Kesgarh Sahib this evening peacefully, though there was tension following
the announcement by Mr Gurcharan Singh Tohra, SGPC chief, yesterday that
Bhai Ranjit Singh would lead the procession to be taken out by the SGPC, and
if the government tried to bring Giani Puran Singh to lead the procession
and used force, there could be a bloodshed.

Mar 3: Bhai Ranjit Singh today led the procession without any opposition.

Mar 15: With less than 24 hours to go for the requisitioned general house
meeting to take up a no-confidence motion against the present executive
committee of the Shiromani Gurdwara Parbandhak Committee, its chief, Mr
Gurcharan Singh Tohra, played his trump card by resigning his post.

Mar 16: History was created in Sikhism, when Bibi Jagir Kaur, Minister for
Tourism and Social Welfare was elected the first ever woman president of
Shiromani Gurdwara Pra-bandhak Committee. She replaced Akali stalwart
Gurcharan Singh Tohra who was president of the committee for a record 25

Mar 18: Unlike Mr Gurcharan Singh Tohra who had resigned on the eve of the
no-confidence motion against him, the suspended Jathedar of Akal Takht, Bhai
Ranjit Singh, has categorically refused to step down.

Mar 19: Paving the way for the dismissal of Bhai Ranjit Singh, suspended
Jathedar of Akal Takht, the first meeting of the newly elected SGPC
executive today endorsed all decisions taken by the February 10 meeting of
the executive which appointed Giani Puran Singh acting Jathedar in place of
Bhai Ranjit Singh.

Mar 25: In a significant development, Bhai Ranjit Singh suspended Akal Takht
Jathedar, today released the list of 41-member committee for the
tercentenary celebrations of the birth of the Khalsa Panth.

Apr 2: A three-day international seminar on the "Relevance of the Khalsa
value system in the 21st century" today marked the formal commencement of
the tercentenary celebrations of the birth of the Khalsa being organised by
the Anandpur Sahib Foundation.

Apr 5: The first Sikh jatha by road for Pakistan after the 1965 Indo-Pak
war, part of the tercentenary celebrations of Khalsa Panth crossed the Wagah
border into Pakistan today. The land route was closed by Pakistan after the
Indo-Pak war and subsequent jathas visited the country via the 'Samjhauta
Express' train.

Apr 11: Undeterred by the warning of the new pro-Badal SGPC management, Sikh
organisations and institutions backing suspended Jathedar of Akal Takht,
Bhai Ranjit Singh, held an impressive parallel tercentenary Khalsa march
from Akal Takht, which will reach Anandpur Sahib on Tuesday

Apr 14: Sikhs, the world over, marked the Tricentenuary celebration of the
Birth of the Khalsa.

Apr 14: The suspended Jathedar of Akal Takht, Bhai Ranjit Singh, declared to
free Akal Takht from Akali religio-politico institutions and the state.

Apr 14: To mark the tercentenary of the birth of the Khalsa, the Anandpur
Sahib Foundation headed by Shiromani Akali Dal president and Punjab Chief
Minister Parkash Singh Badal awarded the Order of Nishan-e-Khalsa to 80 most
prominent Sikhs of the century.

Apr 21: The newly-created Pakistan Gurdwara Parbandhak Committee (PGPC) took
control of all Sikh shrines in Pakistan from the Pakistan Waqf Board.

Apr 28: Bhai Ranjit Singh is officially removed as Jathedar of them Akal
Takht by the SGPC.

Apr 29: Justice Kuldip Singh (retd), a former Judge of the Supreme Court,
today resigned as President of the World Sikh Council in protest against the
removal of Bhai Ranjit Singh as Jathedar of Akal Takht by the executive of
the SGPC yesterday.

May 14: Gurcharan Singh was expelled from the Shiromani Akali Dal for a
period of six years. The decision was taken unanimously by the party's
Political Affairs Committee.

June 5: In a major crackdown, the police here today took Mr Simranjit Singh
Mann, President Shiromani Akali Dal (Amritsar), Dal Khalsa Secretary-General
Kanwarpal Singh and certain other leaders into custody on the even of 15th
anniversary of Operation Blue Star which falls on June 6.

June 7: The disillusioned family of the late Maj Parkash Singh returned the
Order of the Khalsa to the Deputy Commissioner in protest against the
alleged role of the police and the Deputy Commissioner in instigating a
violent mob led by a Bahujan Samaj Party leader to grab the land owned by
the martyr. Ironically, the land was given to the family for the bravery
shown by the late Major.

Aug 2: Sacked Jathedar Bhai Ranjit Singh threatened to forcibly take over as
Jathedar, Akal Takht, and take possession of the Akal Takht secretariat if
Giani Puran Singh "unnecessarily" continued to "interfere" in the matters of
the World Sikh Council.

Sept 7: In a draft notification, regarding some essential amendments to the
Sikh Gurudwara Act, 1925, forwarded to the Government of India, the
definition of the "Sikh" has been modified and the word Sehajdhari, wherever
it occurs, stands omitted.

Oct 4: The Sarab Hind Shiromani Akali Dal, led by Mr Gurcharan Singh Tohra
would form a "shadow cabinet" to monitor performance of the SAD-BJP
government, after the declaration of the results of the recently held Lok
Sabha elections.

Oct 7: For the Parkash Singh Badal-led Akali Dal it was a big jolt in
Punjab. The party, which along with its coalition partner the BJP had
captured all the 13 seats there in 1998, lost all but three. Its most
humiliating defeat was in the prestigious Faridkot seat. Here Mr Jagmeet
Singh Brar, defeated a few times earlier, captured the seat with a thin
margin of 5,164 votes.

Oct 22: The crucial meeting of zila jathedars, SGPC members, working
committee members, former MPs and former ministers of the Sarb Hind
Shiromani Akali Dal, scheduled to be held in Ludhiana tomorrow would suggest
ways and means of launching a campaign to re-install Bhai Ranjit Singh as
Jathedar of Akal Takht.

Oct 27: 1999: The Dal Khalsa, which remained an outlawed outfit for a decade
(from May 1982 to May 1992) has decided to denounce all types of violence in
its revised constitution and policy programme to be released in the
beginning of the new millennium.

Nov 10: Bibi Jagir Kaur was re-elected President of the Shiromani Gurdwara
Parbandhak Committee.

Dec 23: The controversy over the implementation of the Nanakshahi Jantri
(calendar) was likely to spill over into the next millennium. The meeting of
the five high priests, the SGPC chief, Bibi Jagir Kaur, representatives of
Panthic organisations and the Sant Samaj failed to resolve the calendar

Dec 28: The Congress President, Mrs Sonia Gandhi, today expressed deep
anguish and regret over the 1984 happenings, which she said should not have


Jan 5: The ongoing 'Nanakshahi' calendar conflict between the SGPC and Sikh
intellectuals on one side and the Sikh clergy headed by Jathedar of Akal
Takht, Giani Puran Singh and the Sant Samaj on the other, took its first
casualty today by leaving ordinary Sikhs in utter confusion on the first
Gurpurb of the year.

Jan 6: The seven-member committee constituted to look into various aspects
and of the new Nanakshahi calendar today unanimously rejected it and decided
that a new Sikh calendar should be prepared keeping in view Panthic
sentiments and in conformity with Sikh maryada.

Jan 7: The police has foiled an attempt to kill the Punjab Chief Minister,
Mr Parkash Singh Badal, certain other key political leaders and a retired
police officer with the arrest of a human bomb identified as Jarnail Singh,
a resident of Roadanwali village in Muktsar district.

Jan 8: Akal Takht Jathedar Giani Puran Singh today rejected the resignations
of the three pro-Nanakshahi calendar members who quit the seven-member panel
yesterday in protest against the decision of three of the committee members
outrightly rejecting the calendar.

Jan 11: The UP Government has ordered a magisterial inquiry into the
self-immolation by a Sikh youth yesterday and sent the SHO of the local
Krishna Nagar police station to the lines, an official spokesman said today.

Jan 12: The Union Cabinet today approved the setting up of another
commission of Inquiry headed by a retired judge of the Supreme Court to
probe the 1984 anti-Sikh riots, which broke out in Delhi and other parts of
the country following the assassination of then Prime Minister Indira

Jan 14: Giani Puran Singh, Jathedar, Akal Takht, performed ardas and led a
nagar kirtan to mark 'Parkash Utsav' of Guru Gobind Singh today.

Jan 16: The Shiromani Akali Dal's Disciplinary Committee, at an unscheduled
meeting held here late this evening, expelled three former Ministers and one
MLA from the primary membership of the party and also issued show-cause
notice to two other MLAs.

Jan 16: The two-hour long stormy emergency meeting, held at Akal Takht
secretariat, unanimously decided to form an 11-member committee, headed by
Dr Kharak Singh of Dharam Parchar Committee to prepare a detailed report on
the controversial Nanakshahi Calendar. The committee will submit its report
to the five Sikh high priests by March 15.

Jan 17: The two-hour long stormy emergency meeting, held at Akal Takht
secretariat, unanimously decided to form an 11-member committee, headed by
Dr Kharak Singh of Dharam Parchar Committee to prepare a detailed report on
the controversial Nanakshahi Calendar. The committee will submit its report
to the five Sikh high priests by March 15.

Jan 18: Barely a week after a Sikh youth committed suicide before the state
assembly, a man today tried to immolate himself in protest against alleged
police atrocities.

Jan 23: The Jathedar of Akal Takht, Giani Puran Singh has debarred the
11-member committee on the Nanakshahi calendar from functioning. The
committee was formed nine days back. Giani Puran Singh also resusciated the
seven-member committee formed by him in December 1999. Sant Mangal Singh of
Sat Satlani has been made a member.

Jan 25: In a move without precedent in the annals of Sikhism, Giani Puran
Singh, Jathedar, Akal Takht, "excommunicated" Bibi Jagir Kaur, President
Shiromani Gurdwara Prabandhak Committee from the Sikh Panth.

Jan 28: The SHSAD regards as "divine retribution" the excommunication of
Bibi Jagir Kaur by Giani Puran Singh from the Sikh panth and SHSAD leader,
Mr Prem Singh Chandumajra, a close aide of Mr Tohra said as much here today.
"Whosoever defies Akal Takht, the seat of the Timeless and tries to lower
its prestige and dignity is bound to come to grief. And this is just what
has happened in the case of Bibi Jagir Kaur and Giani Puran Singh, both of
whom were hand-picked by Mr Badal himself to occupy these august

Feb 1: Adhering to the decision of excommunicating Bibi Jagir Kaur, SGPC
President, from the Panth, Giani Puran Singh, Jathedar, Akal Takht, today
reiterated that the ''hukamnama'' once issued could not be withdrawn.

Feb 4: Akal Takht Jathedar Giani Puran Singh has clearly indicated that the
manager of the Gurdwara Tutti Gandhi Sahib (Muktsar) would be summoned at
theTakht for presenting a 'siropa' (robe of honour) to Bibi Jagir Kaur, SGPC
chief who has been excommunicated from the Panth for implementing the
Nanakshahi calendar.

Feb 5: Prof Manjit Singh, Jathedar, Takht Sri Kesgarh Sahib, has appealed to
representatives of various Sikh institutions and Sikh scholars to endeavour
to resolve the present Panthic crisis.

Feb 8: With the Taliban imposing a religious code, the minorities,
especially Sikhs, have started fleeing from Afghanistan. Many Afghani Sikhs
have come to India on the Samjhauta Express.

Feb: 23: In a significant move, Giani Puran Singh, Jathedar Akal Takht, has
constituted a 12-member executive committee to run the affairs of the World
Sikh Council. With this, the two warring factions of the WSC stand
disbanded. The newly-constituted committee would start functioning
immediately under the patronage of Akal Takht.

Feb 28: Emerging from the 23-day long "ekantvas" (retreat), Babi Jagir Kaur,
President, SGPC, who was excommunicated from the Sikh Panth, today gave
clear indication to 'reject' the hukamnana (edict) issued by Giani Puran
Singh, with show of strength and open defiance and deepening the ongoing
Panthic crisis in the process.

Feb 29: Giani Puran Singh, Jathedar, Akal Takht, may face yet another
setback as Justice Kuldip Singh (Retd), former President of the World Sikh
Council and a confidant of Bhai Ranjit Singh, has categorically stated that
he will not attend the meeting of the 12-member executive committee to be
held at Akal Takht tomorrow.

Mar 1: The newly-constituted executive committee of the World Sikh Council
(WSC) at its meeting here today presided over by the Akal Takht Jathedar,
Giani Puran Singh, dissolved all zonal units of the WSC.

Mar 3: The controversial 'hukamnama'(edict) virtually stands rejected by Mr
Parkash Singh Badal, President of the Shiromani Akali Dal, many of his
ministerial colleagues, MLAs and delegates of the Akali Dal who were present
in the delegate session along with Bibi Jagir Kaur, President of the SGPC.

Mar 3: The delegates session of the SAD, which re-elected Mr Parkash Singh
Badal as its President with a voice vote today, reiterated its 27-year-old
demands for state autonomy and a federal structure. These demands were part
of the Anandpur Sahib Resolution passed in 1973.

Mar 4: Despite numerous hurdles put up by the police authorities all over
the state, Akali dissidents led by former speaker and MLA Ravi Inder Singh
and former SGPC chief Gurcharan Singh Tohra managed an impressive show of
strength at the "Punjab bachao-Parkash Singh bhajao" rally held here at the
native village of Punjab Chief Minister Parkash Singh Badal.

Mar 12: In a move unprecedented in Sikh history, Giani Puran Singh,
Jathedar, Akal Takht, today excommunicated three Sikh High Priests, Prof
Manjit Singh, Jathedar Takht Sri Kesgarh Sahib, Giani Kewal Singh, Jathedar,
Takht Sri Damdama Sahib, Giani Bhagwan Singh, Head Granthi, Akal Takht, and
Mr Pritam Singh Bhatia, executive member of the SGPC and Mr Jaswinder Singh,
advocate member of the SGPC, for 'violating' the controversial January 25

Mar 13: In a blitzkrieg move, Giani Puran Singh, the Jathedar of Akal Takht,
has directed Mr Parkash Singh Badal, president of the Shiromani Akali Dal,
to immediately appoint an acting president of the SGPC in place of Bibi
Jagir Kaur who was "excommunicated" from the Sikh Panth for violating the
edicts of the Takht.

Mar 14: Even as the five Sikh priests have rejected the "hukamnamas"
excommunicating Bibi Jagir Kaur, SGPC chief, three high priests and two more
from the Sikh Panth, Giani Puran Singh, Jathedar, Akal Takht, has reiterated
that an edict once issued cannot be withdrawn.

Mar 14: In what may be a defiance of the Akal Takht Jathedar Giani Puran
Singh's edict, the "excommunicated" Shiromani Gurdwara Parbandhak Committee
chief, Bibi Jagir Kaur, today asserted that she would participate in the
Hola Mohalla celebrations at Anandpur Sahib on March 19.

Mar 15: Representatives of various Sikh organisations, including the Dal
Khalsa, Shiromani Akali Dal(Amritsar), Damdami Taksal, Akal Federation and
the Khalsa Action Committee today sought the removal of Giani Puran Singh,
Jathedar, Akal Takht.

Mar 20: 39 Sikhs were brutally murdered in the Sikh village of
Chattisinghpura in Kashmir. The massacre occurred in early hours on the day
President Clinton arrived in New Delhi.

Mar 22: Giani Bhagwan Singh, who was 'excommunicated' from the Sikh Panth
along with Prof Manjit Singh and Giani Kewal Singh by a "controversial"
hukamnama, issued by Giani Puran Singh, Jathedar Akal Takht on March 12, has
said that he would prefer to resigning as Head Granthi, Akal Takht than
accepting the edict.

Mar 27: Senior Akali leaders including Mr Jagdev Singh Talwandi and Mr
Ranjit Singh Brahmpura, Cooperation Minister today made last ditch efforts
to bring about rapprochement between SGPC chief Bibi Jagir Kaur and Giani
Puran Singh, Jathedar Akal Takht.

Mar 28: In a day of high drama, the SGPC executive today sacked Giani Puran
Singh as Jathedar Akal Takht and suspended him from his post as Granthi of
the Golden Temple. During the period of his suspension his headquarters will
be at Muktsar. The executive also appointed Giani Joginder Singh Vedanti,
Granthi, Golden Temple, as Acting Jathedar in place of Giani Puran Singh.

Mar 29: The 'ex-communication' of Bibi Jagir Kaur, president Shiromani
Gurdwara Prabandhak Committee, three Sikh high priests - Prof Manjit Singh,
Jathedar Sri Kesgarh Sahib, Giani Kewal Singh, Jathedar Takht Sri Damdama
Sahib and Giani Bhagwan Singh, head granthi Akal Takht and five executive
members of the SGPC was revoked by Giani Joginder Singh Vedanti and four
other designated Sikh high priests few hours after his installation as
acting Jathedar, Akal Takht.